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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-26

Influence of sociodemographic factors and environmental conditions on husbands' behavior toward maternal healthcare

National Research Center, Al Buhouth Street, Dokki, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ghada A Abdel-Latif
Researcher of Public Health and Preventive Medicine in Community Medicine Department, National Research Center, Dokki, 12311, Giza
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1687-4293.159370

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Background/aim Improving maternal health depends on husband's behavior which is affected by certain socio-demographic factors and environmental conditions. The study aimed to assess the husband's behavior toward maternal healthcare and emergency first aid measures for pregnancy and obstetric risks that might put life of women at risk of maternal death. The study also determined the socio-demographic factors and environmental conditions that influenced husband's behavior and attitude toward antenatal care providers and providers of assisted delivery. Methods One thousand husbands of women in childbearing period were randomly selected through a community-based study that was conducted in 23 rural villages of four chosen districts of Benisuef and Al Fayoum governorates of Egypt. The study is a cross-sectional investigation conducted over a period of 8 months starting from July 2010 until February 2011. Data were collected from interviews of husbands on their sociodemographic characteristics, environmental conditions, and their knowledge, attitudes, intention, and practices toward maternal healthcare and services provided as well as toward providers of maternal healthcare. Results The study revealed that husbands who were younger than 20 years at the time of marriage, had a lower middle environmental score, and an upper middle income were nearly two or more times as likely of being unaware of the risk symptoms during pregnancy [odds ratio (OR) = 2.73, 1.37, and 1.59, respectively], during delivery (OR = 1.93, 1.31, and 1.76, respectively), and during the postnatal period (OR = 2.42, 1.36, and 1.77, respectively) compared with those older than 20 at the time of marriage, who had an upper middle environmental score, and a lower middle income. Conclusion and recommendations It is recommended to target husbands as an influential factor among high-risk wives by educating them on maternal health risks and by increasing their accessibility to maternal and obstetric health services, with special emphasis on younger men and those living under poor environmental conditions irrespective of their economic status.

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