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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-13

Safety and feasibility of laparoscopic cholecystectomy during pregnancy

1 Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Aswan University, Aswan, Egypt
3 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmad F El-Hussainy
Surgery, 25th El Masjed El Kabir Street, Omar Ebn El Khattab, Gisr El Swiss, Cairo
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1687-4293.186779

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Background/aim Symptomatic biliary diseases in pregnant women remain a great challenge to surgeons. The present study aimed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) during pregnancy. Patients and methods This prospective, observational study was conducted on 27 pregnant women with a mean age of 27.3 ± 4.1 (range 21–36) years who presented with symptomatic gallbladder diseases (stones or cholecystitis) and underwent LC. Gestational age, operative time, and maternal and fetal outcomes were noted. Results The mean operative time was 58.7 (range 32–78.5) min. Conversion to open cholecystectomy occurred only in one patient with acute cholecystitis due to the presence of severe adhesions (3.7%). No intraoperative or postoperative complications were observed, except for mild wound infection in only one patient (3.7%) and mild uterine contractions in two patients (7.4%). All patients went on to deliver at full term with no abortion or preterm labor. Conclusion Pregnant women with repeated attacks of biliary colic and/or cholecystitis after failure of conservative treatment can undergo LC easily and safely without hazardous effects on either mothers or fetuses, especially in the second trimester.

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